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  • EU Statement on the Use of AI in the Provision of Retail Investment Services

    May 30, 2024
    The European Securities and Markets Authority has published a public statement on the use of AI in the provision of retail investment services. When using AI, ESMA expects firms to comply with relevant Markets in Financial Instruments package requirements, particularly when it comes to organizational aspects, conduct of business, and their regulatory obligation to act in the best interest of the client.

    ESMA reminds firms that although AI technologies offer potential benefits to firms and clients, they also pose inherent risks, such as: (i) algorithmic biases and data quality issues; (ii) opaque decision-making by a firm's staff members; (iii) overreliance on AI by both firms and clients for decision-making; and (iv) privacy and security concerns linked to the collection, storage, and processing of the large amount of data needed by AI systems.

    Potential uses of AI by investment firms which would be covered by requirements under MiFID II include customer support, fraud detection, risk management, compliance, and support to firms in the provision of investment advice and portfolio management. Moving forward, ESMA and the national competent authorities will keep monitoring the use of AI in investment services and the relevant EU legal framework to determine if further action is needed in this area.

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